A visual encyclopedia of northern U.S. wildflowers

Welcome to MinneFlora.

A visual encyclopedia of northern U.S. wildflowers.

Currently with 1,136 photos of 352 species.


Search by flower color, size, shape, and habitat, and more.

Search for a specific common or scientific name.

Click on a picture at any time for a full screen preview.

Click on a name for detailed information.

Detailed information.

Find out more about individual plants and flowers.

See where and when the pictures were taken.

Preview or download free high resolution photos for personal use.


Browse the entries categorized by family or genus.

Learn more about taxonomic and evolutionary relationships.


Help make this site better!

Offer information, corrections, or photos.

Try your hand at the unidentified flower list.

Find out more.

See the "most wanted" list of flowers for 2011.

Pointers to useful books, websites, and field guides.

And more...

Latest Additions

Another year begins!

May 16, 2012

The 2012 season is now about a month old. All the old favorites are blooming on the forest floor, and I've been lucky enough to find a few new entries, including Goldthread (Coptis groenlandica), Lyre-Leaved Rock Cress (Arabis lyrata), Northern White Violet (Viola pallens), Early Meadow-Rue (Thalictrum dioicum), and Blue Cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides).

It's mid-May and the forecast for the rest of the month is sun, storms, and heat. It'll be summer soon!

Some technical upgrades

May 15, 2012

Over the winter I made some technical upgrades to Minneflora. First off, all the photos and their associated information have been moved into a database for faster, more efficient access. Second, the "All" and "Identify" section of the site now are paginated, showing 100 photos at a time. This should help with page load times and give better performance on all browsers. The search box in the upper right corner has been improved, photos are now grouped in the map views depending on scale, and several pages under the "More" section are updated. I hope you find the changes an improvement!

September 19, 2011

I haven't had a lot of time lately to go hunting - and there was not much new to find, when I did. Add in some end-of-summer tasks and two weeks out of state, and presto! updates are a little thin. This summer-fall season doesn't appear to be as diverse as last year. There were lots of the most common species but not much variety with the less common ones, at least at the places I visited. We've also had a rainless first half of September and our first hard frost at the end of it, and all the grasses are turning brown. I'm not sure there's much more left in the year!

On the bright side, Minneflora has now reached a milestone; there are now over 1,000 original photos posted, of 328 distinct species. Many older photos have been replaced, as well, as I always try to keep the best quality ones front and center.

June 14, 2011

Last weekend I made a couple of excursions to the north and south metro, respectively, but neither was particularly productive. I did find some Grove Sandwort, and Helen Allison was filled with large penstemon (beardtongue.)

May 31, 2011

Spring is slowly turning into summer; we've had a few violent storms lately, and the alternation of rain and sun has done wonders for the local flora. The woodland canopy is almost completely leafed out and the geraniums are blooming. Last weekend I visited River Terrace SNA and got some photos of the state-threatened kittentail, a Scrophulariaceae endemic to the U.S. midwest that's suffering ongoing habitat loss. Also found the first orchid of the year, a Showy Orchis behind the office at Wild River State Park.

May 19, 2011

A few trips to the St. Croix and Mississippi river valleys yielded some more spring action. The violets are all coming out, and a second wave of woodland wildflowers including rue anemone, bellwort, and Solomon's seal, is getting into full swing. Pasqueflowers, buttercups and purple avens are blooming in the open areas. The weather has been sunny and dry after a rainy April and first half of May, so things should be accelerating rapidly over the next couple of weeks.

April 29, 2011

Posted 27 new photos, mostly of spring ephemerals from an Easter Day trip to Nerstrand Big Woods State Park. Spring has been slow to turn this year; it's easily three weeks behind last year's record warmth.

April 10, 2011

Launch Day! I'm happy to announce Minneflora: A visual encyclopedia of northern U.S. wildflowers. There are currently 500+ photos of over 200 species of wildflowers that I took during the 2010 season. Feel free to browse around. Use the Identify page to view and filter the full list, or use the Families page to drill down by family, genus, and species.